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Monday, June 5, 2017

Who Is ‘Shudra’ according to Swami Dayananda

The word ‘Shudra’ has been a subject of dispute since the time when some reformers started ridiculing the cast system. Of course, the present day cast system cannot be accepted. Swami Dayanand Saraswati is one of the names who fought against the prevalent system of his time.  But, he also indicated the evidences, which had shown that the cast system was based on gun karma svabhava (quality, deeds and nature) of a person.

But, here I found some gentlemen quoting a line from Satyarth Prakash, one of the popular treatises of Dayananda, in which he said that Shudra should serve other varnas, and trying to prove him a castist. But, perhaps they forgot to read the other part of his book, in which he clearly said that a Shudra can become a Brahmin and similarly a Brahmin can become a Shudra according to the deeds. A long description has been written by him to prove that the varna system is according to deeds not according to birth. According to Satyartha Prakasha and his other books, Shudra is a person who is not able to do the mental work (which can be from any family) but can do the physical work. About other varna, Brahmin is the person who is learned, Kshatriya is the person who is warrior and Vaishya is the person who has the ability to do the business. A Brahmin’s son or daughter can be Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya or Shudra, and similarly the child of other persons of other varnas can be of any varna. The person who has the physical ability and not the mental efficiency often serves the persons with mental ability, and the same thing Swami Dayanand described about Shudra.


So, the Shudra according to Swami Dayanand has nothing to do with its pet definition. It is Arya Samaj founded by him where Shudra can also become a Pandit.  

Saturday, April 8, 2017

Honesty Is First Prerequisite to Spread an Ideology

“Honesty is the best policy”, this English proverb has been read by most of the people who have studied this language. But there is a question what honesty actually is. Is it just honesty of money? No, but it has a vast meaning. The honesty in thoughts is the first thing to be followed. I am not saying to reveal every thought in front of everyone. Of course, we need to hide some things for our own sake or for preventing the society from upheavals.


On Facebook, I am witnessing the views of certain people who want to spread a certain ideology – the Hindutva ideology. Well, I have also supported this ideology at certain instance wherever it is discussed intellectually. But, I am surprised to find some people on Facebook, who are willing to spread this ideology vaguely just showing some zeal. But, suppressing some logics and promoting a few points will not take anywhere to these people. For promoting the ideology in a proper manner, you are required to accept criticisms also by putting some of your emotions on the other side and also discard some of the things like a true Yogi does.

Sunday, December 27, 2015

Vaishnavism and Vedas

Vaishnavism has become a cult of Hinduism in the present scenario. The organizations like ISKCON are trying to promote it for several years. However, it has done some good works like promotion of some Vedic and Indological concepts in the western world. On the other hand, Dr. Michael Creamo and some other such persons did some good works to get the evidences of Indian timeline, which goes beyond lakhs of years.


But, the biggest problem that if I find with Vaishnavism is its overlooking of Vedas. Those, who are inclined towards this culture, will find it strange, because of their prejudice that whatever is being taught in Vaishnavism is Vedic. But, if you observe the things, when it comes to giving references, it gives the references from Bhagwat Purun rather than Vedas and Vedic scripture. Even Dr. Creamo takes the references from Bhagwatam  instead of the Vedic scriptures of Vedang Jyotish which is supposed to be the major treatise for understanding the ancient system. Even at some instances, where the Vaishnavs talk about Vedas, their interpretation is based on Pauranik tales rather than the Vedangas like Nirukta, which are the sources of Vedic interpretation. You will find hardly any text from Vaishnavs, where they will refer for Nirukta for the Vedic interpretation.  

Thursday, March 13, 2014

निराकार ईश्वर तथा अंड बंड व्याख्याएं

निराकार - यह शब्द सुनते ही आज कई सनातन परंपरा के अनुयायी कहलाने वालों को मिर्चें लगने लगती हैं | पता नहीं कब यह धारणा प्रबल हुई जिसमें हिन्दू अथवा सनातन मत में अवतार का होना अनिवार्य माना जाने लगा तथा तथा वेद तथा आर्ष ग्रंथों में वर्णित निराकार सर्वशक्तिमान ब्रह्म को मानने वालों को नास्तिक कहा जाने लगा | आज आश्चर्य है कि मुझे अनेक ऐसे मित्र मिलते हैं जो यह जानते ही नहीं कि निराकार क्या है तथा अकस्मात् यह प्रश्न पूछ बैठते हैं कि "आप कौनसे भगवान् को मानते हो" |

परन्तु यह आलेख लिखने के पीछे मेरा उद्देश्य निराकार साकार की बहस को आगे बढ़ाना अथवा जनसाधारण की धर्म सम्बन्धी जानकारी का मूल्यांकन करना नहीं हैं | यहाँ निराकार के सम्बन्ध में कुछ विचार मेरी दृष्टि में आए हैं, जिन पर कुछ विचार करना चाहता हूँ |

हर शब्द की अपने विचारों के अनुकूल अंड बंड व्याख्या करने की एक परिपाटी सी चल पड़ी है | ऐसा ही कुछ निराकार शब्द के साथ भी हुआ है | निराकार शब्द का अर्थ है निर+आकार अर्थात जिसका कोई आकार न हो | ईश्वर निराकार है, वह दिखता नहीं, केवल ज्ञान एवं साधना द्वारा समाधी में प्राप्त होता है, यह ऋषि मान्यता रही है |

परन्तु ईश्वर का अवतार मानने वाले कुछ महानुभाव इस विचार को पचा नहीं पा रहे है, इसलिए ऐसे कुछ गुरु घंटालों तथा उनके कुछ चेले चपाटे निराकार की एक नहीं व्याख्या लेकर सामने आए हैं | उनके अनुसार जैसे गीली मिट्टी का कोई आकार नहीं होता तथा उसे मनचाहा आकार दिया जा सकता है, उसी प्रकार ब्रह्म को भी मनचाहा आकार दिया जा सकता है | कुछ महानुभाव इस कुतर्क पर भले ही वाह वाह कर उठें, परन्तु थोड़ी से सूक्ष्मता से विचार करने पर सरलता से समझा जा साक्ता है कि यह तर्क कितना हास्यास्पद एवं बचकाना है | विचार करें कि क्या सचमुच गीली मिट्टी का कोई आकार नहीं होता ? हमें तो ऐसा नहीं लगता | वास्तिवकता में उसका आकार परिवर्तित होता रहता है, परन्तु इससे वह निराकार तो नहीं हुई | व्यवहार में भले ही थोड़ी देर के लिए यह कह दिया जाए कि इसका कोई आकार नहीं, परन्तु वास्तिवकता में वह "अनिश्चित आकार" वाली है, निराकार नहीं |

Sunday, June 9, 2013

Vedas from Eyeglasses

 [A special note: It is correct that agniveer.com had done a good job in past for the spread of Vedic thoughts. Those wonderful articles are still available at that site. But, I am also aware with the non-Vedic thoughts, which are being intentionally or unintentionally being spread by the medium of its online store. I do not support any of these non-Vedic thoughts. I only support itsVedic views and links given below of the aforesaid website are for the purpose of same.]

There is no doubt that the Vedic literature has been the subject of enthusiasm among a large number of people throughout the world. That is a different thing that a number of individuals of today's corporate culture even in India do not even know the name of all four Vedas.

But, the problem here arises is that a large number of people like to read them from the eyeglasses instead of doing their own research. For example:

1.       Most of the historians (like Dr. D.N. Jha and Romal Thapar) and a number of so-called intellectuals like to read them from the eyeglasses of westerners like Max Muller and Ralph Griffith. On the bases of the western view, they claim the beef eating in the ancient times. All these allegations have been refuted at several places. You can read the actual meanings of some of the claimed hymns at http://www.agniveer.com.
2.       The followers of Hare Krishna / ISKCON movement see the Vedas from the eyeglasses of Srimad Bhagwat Puran. It means, whatever is written in Puran about Veda is the source of evidence for this sect.
3.       Similarly, many of the Hindus who keep devotion towards Ramcharitmanas, see the Vedas from the eyeglasses of the aforesaid book. Tulisidas ji's views are the ultimate evidence for such people. Some blogs of such individuals have come in my sight, who quote the chaupais of Ramcharitmanas in which Vedas have been discussed instead of some real Vedic hymn for telling the people something about Veda. According to some, Manas is the easy source of reading the Vedas. Did these people ever analyzed whether each and every chaupai of Manas that talks about Veda ever resemble the original Vedas or not?
4.       Then comes the Dalit movement. They see the Vedas from the eyeglasses of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Whatever Ambedkar has written in his books about Vedas (which itself was from the eyeglasses of westerners) is the source of their knowledge about the ancient scriptures. They abuse and make allegations on Vedas on basis of Ambedkar's literature. For the kind information of everyone, the Ambedkar's views had been refuted by some Arya scholars during his lifetime, which he never answered.
5.       Muslims – they see Vedas from the eyeglasses of their leaders like Dr. Zakir Naik and more. Dr. Naik and others themselves take the views from some old Muslim scholars. On the bases of these views they claim the existence of Mohammad in Vedas, which has already been refuted by a number of scholars. Some of these answers can be read at http://www.agniveer.com.

Conclusively, I would like to urge these people to do their own research on the basis of the books on Vedic Philology like Nirukta and Nighantu. If you feel difficult to accept Swami Dayanand's view, then at least do your own research instead of using the eyeglasses, and the fact will be clear one day.

Friday, April 12, 2013

Heaven and Hell



From a past few years, different religions have made their own concepts of heaven and hell. Each religion has it concept. Hindus have their own concepts, Muslims have their own, and similarly the Buddhists and Jains have their own. The concept of hell is the most amazing one. Every religion has a hell, where the unbelievers or sinners go. A pain is given to them and so on. The thing becomes worse when one religion claims that people of all other faiths will go to hell. Once, I also received a male of a Christian claiming that some people are eyewitness to the pains given to unbeliever in the hell. Recently, I saw a person in YouTube comments that Buddha is in the hell. It is a very old claim of the Muslims and Christian that the unbelievers will go to hell. I must say that it is a worst way to promote any religion.